With the marijuana industry now becoming one of the fastest growing industries in the U.S., far too many people new to the subject become confused when hemp oil enters the picture. Even the U.S. Government once showed confusion about what the difference is between hemp and marijuana. It led to a ban on hemp 48 years ago under the Controlled Substance Act.
It’s not hard to see the misunderstanding when you consider hemp and marijuana are both from the same plant. However, this is one of the only similarities. What usually confuses people is the THC levels in marijuana and hemp. The latter, hemp, has less than 0.3% THC, which can give some people the wrong connotations.
Take a look at how to distinguish the two, some history, and statistics behind hemp oil use.
Did you know hemp oil cultivation goes back 10,000 years, beginning more or less where modern Taiwan is? One thing the ancients discovered about hemp is how it helped soil quality. It basically conditioned the soil for easier crop growing.
Hemp plants also absorbed water when there was excessive runoff while growing crops. Thanks to hemp plants growing tall, it also provided shade for other crops and livestock.
Eventually, hemp plant cultivation spread to China, where the Chinese were the ones who discovered the medicinal qualities in hemp. In fact, the old Yin and Yang philosophy comes from the first understanding of what the difference is between hemp and marijuana.
Over time, hemp growing made its way into Greece and into Ancient England during the 1500s. Early America also started growing hemp, leading later to farmers cultivating it to aid the war effort during WWII.
It was the cultivation ban in 1970 that changed the entire view of what hemp could do.
Only within the last four years have things changed in being able to buy hemp oil. Finally, the government acknowledges there’s a difference between marijuana and hemp. The stipulation is that the cultivation of industrial hemp is done for research purposes.
Now you’re starting to see hemp oil being sold everywhere with the assumption it’s legal in all 50 states. This isn’t to say there still isn’t confusion about the legality issue, with some states attempting to shut down hemp products from being sold.
Researchers continue to point out hemp oil is the most unsaturated oil derived from the plant kingdom. While it’s up to you to decide efficacy, you can see the potential health benefits when consumed.
Many people believe in this, and it’s why you’re seeing statistics showing people using CBD and dropping their prescription drugs as a result. In fact, a recent survey showed 42% of those who tried hemp gave up their prior drugs. Most positively, 82% of those who used CBD regularly say it helped them feel better while suffering from various ailments.
So how is hemp oil made to make it so effective in making people feel better without prescription drug side effects?
Online retailers of CBD products, like The CBDistillery, extract CBD from stalks and stems of industrial hemp plants. This is a process involving either CO2 or ethanol extraction.
With CO2 extraction, you filter plants through a series of chambers that control temperature and pressure. Using temperature control and units of pressure, it’s possible to isolate cannabinoids at a 90% efficiency rate.
Ethanol extraction is a more thorough method where you get a higher volume of CBD oil. Through this method, you can also remove chlorophyll, one of many unwanted components in dried hemp. Chromatography is usually the next step to remove unwanted plant phytochemicals from the extracted oil.
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The Hemp Industries Association (HIA) is going to bat for hemp producers and consumers all over America against the DEA who is threatening the right to consume and produce hemp-based CBD and hemp oil products.
On December 14th, 2016 the DEA published a new rule establishing a new drug code for “marijuana extracts” stating that any extract from a cannabis plant, including cannabidiol “will be treated as a Schedule I controlled substance.”
The HIA and a group of petitioners are bringing this case to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circut. The group insists that Congress already made CBD legal under the Agricultural Act of 2014.
While consumers continue to freely access CBD oil, the DEA’s rule has cast a shadow over producers and vendors, and this lawsuit could go a long way towards easing their worries.
With a hearing date set for February 15, 2018 in San Francisco, it could take several months for the court to come to any conclusions and rulings. Read more here.
January 18, 2018. In 2016 the DEA registered a Controlled Substances Code Number to cannabis extracts, regardless of their THC levels. Now, Colorado representatives Diana DeGette, Ed Perlmutter and Jared Polis are siding with the Hemp Industry Association, who argues that the DEA’s stance violates federal laws allowing the production and distribution of hemp products. Read the full article HERE.
December 14, 2017 – After more than a month of deliberation, regarding the scheduling of cannabidiol, the World Health Organization announced their recommendation that CBD should not be subject to international drug scheduling. This is based on evidence related to the benefits and risks of CBD. Read the full article HERE.
November 9, 2017 – Is your CBD company backing up their products? In a study of 84 CBD products sold online, only a third contained the amount of CBD listing on the label. Read the full article.
At The CBDistillery™, we consistently 3rd party test our products to ensure our customers are getting what they pay for. You can see all of our lab results for our products on each product page.
November 20, 2017 – James Woolsey, the former director of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, spoke out this week about ending the federal prohibition and scheduling of industrial hemp in America. “It’s time to bring hemp back to America’s farms”. Woolsey went on to say, “today we are witnessing the renaissance of the industry. American farmers no longer have to stand by and watch one of the largest consumer markets in the world, industrial hemp products, be served by foreign providers.” Read the full article.
October 22, 2017. Can you bring CBD oil on a plane? A question we are often asked by CBDistillery customers. Here is some insight into traveling with CBD products and the complying the TSA requirements. Read the full article HERE. (more…)
We recently conducted a survey where we asked CBDistillery™ customers, “what is the primary benefit you received from CBDistillery™ products?” Not to our surprise, we received a variety of answers, no two entirely alike. What immediately sparked my attention, were the comments from customers stating something similar to, “I didn’t get any relief” and “it helped a little but not as much as I’d hoped.” The majority of the feedback we receive from CBDistillery™ customers on a day-to-day basis is how CBD has changed their lives for the better. So why does CBD impact some and not others? Why does cannabis affect people differently?
Rafael Mechoulam. Photo Credit
To get some answers, I took to the Internet and found several studies about why cannabis products affect users differently. Apparently, I am not the first person to ask this question. Even the ‘father of THC,’ Rafael Mechoulam was curious about how this newly discovered molecule would affect different people. Thus, one evening he invited over a few of his friends for some cake, which little did they know, was laced with 10mg of pure THC. A few of his friends felt ‘strange, in a different world,’ while some couldn’t stop talking or giggling. While the scientist now understood the cannabis compound, THC does, in fact, cause different reactions, it wasn’t until years later that we would figure out why. Here is a look as to why all cannabis (marijuana or hemp derived) products affect people differently.
About 20% of the population has good endocannabinoid genetics. These people were born with a genetic mutation that increases the level of endocannabinoids and levels of anandamide (the so-called bliss molecule) naturally occurring in their system. As a whole, the endocannabinoid system is partially responsible for regulating sleep, appetite, mood, motor control, immune function, pleasure, pain, reproduction and fertility, memory and temperature regulation. When someone consumes cannabis, the cannabinoids, like THC and CBD, replace the naturally occurring endocannabinoids in your body. Thus, if you are among the lucky few that have this genetic mutation, you are most likely less inclined to feel the effects of CBD because your body already naturally produces a similar result.
Cannabidiol products affect men and women differently. Research shows that estrogen makes females more sensitive to cannabis. That time of the month? Washington State University found that women are impacted more by THC a day or two before ovulation, because of the peak in estrogen levels.
Biochemistry, the study of chemical substances and vital processes occurring in living organisms is yet another explanation as to why people react differently to CBD products. No two individuals have the exact biochemistry make up, which affects the way substances metabolize throughout our system. The health of one’s endocannabinoid system plays a significant role in this. As previously mentioned, the human body naturally produces endocannabinoids. Things like diet, stress, and overall lifestyle influences endocannabinoid levels. When consuming cannabis products, you are increasing endocannabinoid levels. For individuals who have deprived levels, cannabis consumption will most likely produce a favorable experience, whereas someone with healthy endocannabinoid levels might not “feel” the effects of CBD or other marijuana products.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the 60 naturally occurring cannabinoids found in a cannabis plant. Unlike Tethrahydocannabdiol (THC), known for its psychoactive elements, CBD is non-intoxicating and can offer relief and benefits without the disconcerting feelings of lethargy or dysphoria. The majority of information on the Internet today, highlights the potential benefits of CBD, but are there known side effects that users should be aware of and is there a limit to how much CBD one person can safely consume?
The Potential Side Effects of CBD
Multiple studies, published as early as 1980, suggest that CBD has minimal side effects and is overall safe for consumption. Nonetheless, consumers should be made aware of any known, potential drawbacks of something you are putting in your body. Below, we discuss the findings from each recorded study and review on the safety and known side effects of CBD.
1980 Study in Pharmacology
On January 3, 1980, Pharmacology published their findings conducted during a study in which they tested eight healthy volunteers and 15 patients with epilepsy, looking at the side effects of CBD when consumed daily for a month. Their reported conclusions were, ‘All patients and volunteers tolerated CBD very well and no signs of toxicity or serious side effects were detected on examination.’
International Journal of Neuroscience
In 1986, oral doses, ranging from 100 to 600 mg per day of cannabidiol were given to 5 patients with dystonic movement disorders. In addition to recording specific benefits, this study also uncovered mild side effects of CBD such as hypotension, dry mouth, psychomotor slowing, lightheadedness, and sedation. It is also noteworthy, that during this study 2 patients given CBD in doses over 300 mg per day seemed to aggravate their Parkinson’s symptoms. Yet in 2014 a separate paper described how CBD significantly improves the lives of those with Parkinson’s disease.
Safety and Side Effects of Cannabidiol
Most recently in 2011, a review on the safety and side effects of cannabidiol, found that CBD might interfere with the hepatic drug metabolism, alteration of in vitro cell viability, decreased fertilization capacity or the reduced activity of p-glycoprotein. Has a pharmacist or doctor ever told you not to drink or eat grapefruit while taking a prescription medication? Grapefruit and CBD have a similar effect on P450, an enzyme found in the liver, which metabolizes different kinds of drugs in the human body. If taken in large doses, CBD can inhibit the metabolizing properties of P450, temporarily neutralizing the effects of other medicinal products in the body’s system. This side effect is also responsible for why cannabidiol counteracts the effects of THC.
2006 Study Argentinian Study
In 2006 a group of scientist hypothesized that there are cannabinoid receptors in human’s salivary glands. In fact, their hypothesis was correct, which is most likely the reason that one of the previously discovered side effects of CBD is what’s commonly known as cotton-mouth. When CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system, it inhibits the secretion of saliva, thus leaving some users with a dry sensation in their mouth.
Can you overdose on CBD?
Cannabidiol and other cannabinoids are known to be non-toxic, with no known fatal overdose levels ever reported. The previously mentioned study from 2011 indicated that chronic use and high doses up to 1,500 mg/day of CBD are reportedly well tolerated in humans. The Department of Health and Human Services states, ‘no signs of toxicity or serious side effects have been observed following chronic administration of cannabidiol to healthy volunteers (Cunha et al., Pharmacology 21:127-185, 1980), even in large acute doses of 700 mg/day (Consroe et al., Pharmacol, Biochem, Behav. 40:701-708, 1991).’
As you can see, there is evidence that supports CBD being a safe substance with minor side effects. We want to hear from you. Have you ever experienced side effects from using CBD? Please leave comments below.
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Beginning in the 1980’s marijuana cultivators worldwide were on one mission: to grow the most potent, most psychoactive cannabis on the market. Because of this, plants that were rich in other cannabinoids like CBD (THC’s non-intoxicating counterpart) were considered “garbage crops.” That was the case until news about CBD’s potential exploded on the cannabis scene, suddenly destigmatizing the “stoner-centric” industry.
Today “CBD Oil” is searched on Google an average of 200,000 times each month. On the cusp of conjuring its own revolution, this hot product is catching the attention of millions of people all over the world, who are curious about the benefits of cannabidiol paired with the ease of consumption, accurate dosing, and overall effectiveness that CBD oil offers.
So how is CBD oil made and what is important to know before choosing a product? We answer these questions and more below.
CBD oil can be extracted from marijuana plants (which are typically high in THC) or industrial hemp plants. For legality purposes, The CBDistillery uses the stalks and stems derived from non-GMO, pesticide free, industrial hemp plants.
Hemp plants are grown similarly to marijuana plants but are typically tall and thin and compared to marijuana plants which are short and wide. Once cultivated, hemp plants are lifted from the ground and brought to an extraction facility. Ethanol and C02 extraction are two commonly used methods for extracting CBD and two of the cleanest ways to extract cannabidiol for human consumption. CO2 extraction, a popular extraction method typically used when extracting smaller quantities of hemp, involves filtering hemp plants through a series of chambers that control temperature and pressure. When different temperatures and units of pressure are applied to cannabis plants, this sophisticated system is able to isolate cannabinoids at a 90% efficiency.
An alternative method is ethanol extraction which involves introducing the solvent ethanol to the hemp plant in order to separate and isolate cannabinoids. Unlike CO2 extraction, on is able to produce a very high volume of full spectrum extract with this method. Ethanol also removes unwanted components such as chlorophyll from dried hemp.
Once this potent oil is extracted, it is mixed with a carrying oil such as aforementioned MCT Coconut oil.
Some CBD oil products on the market are limited to CBD explicitly while others advertise their product as “full spectrum.” The CBDistillery’s CBD oil is one of the full spectrum products containing other essential cannabinoids like CBN and CBC.
Why do we include these other compounds? A wider range cannabinoid spectrum is important because it encourages the entourage effect, which helps to stimulate the endocannabinoid system and the molecular interaction. Simply put, the entourage effect is the scientific belief that cannabinoids have greater therapeutic benefits when acting together rather than acting as a single molecule.
One of the reasons CBD oil is such a highly sought after product is because of its ease of use. Cannabidiol oil is meant to be consumed orally and most often used sublingually. Sublingual administration involves placing drops under your tongue and holding it there for several seconds before swallowing. Using CBD sublingually is the second fastest form of consumption (the first being vaping or dabbing). Some find the taste of CBD oil very appealing while others do not prefer the hemp flavor. For those who are not fond of the taste, drops can be placed in a beverage like orange juice or foods like salad dressing to dilute the taste. *The CBDistillery is unable to make dosage recommendations and suggest doing further research at ProjectCBD.org.
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